Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Birmingham, Dept of Economics.
Additional Physical Format: Online version: Gabbay, Rony. Communism and agrarian reform in Iraq. London: Croom Helm, © (OCoLC) Document Type. Iraq Table of Contents. One of the most significant achievements of the fundamentally urban-based revolutionary regime of Abd al Karim Qasim () was the proclamation and partial implementation of a radical agrarian reform program. As in many developing countries, the prospects for land reform in Iran seemed promising. It was expected to improve rural poverty and stimulate agricultural development by replacing the traditional landlord-peasant system with more peasant-biased, modern farming. This book assesses the economic consequences of land reform, focusing particularly on its effect . The Ottoman Land Code, which encompassed economic reform and agriculture in Iraq, failed to improve productivity of this sector. During that period agricultural land was mainly plowed by sharecroppers. The tenants were entitled to receive a meager sum of the agricultural output. This led to unequal distribution and eventually farmers lost interest in producing more than .
The last 20 years have witnessed probably greater changes in the agricultural sector than any other single period in the history of the Middle East. Massive land reforms have been instigated in Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Iran, involving the breaking up of large estates and their redistribution to tenants, sharecroppers and farm labourers. Iraq - Iraq - Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: About one-eighth of Iraq’s total area is arable, and another one-tenth is permanent pasture. A large proportion of the arable land is in the north and northeast, where rain-fed irrigation dominates and is sufficient to cultivate winter crops, mainly wheat and barley. The remainder is in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, where. The changing technology that results presents special demands on the agrarian structure, especially the suitability for mechanization. Just as agrarian reform is not a one time process, but rather an adoption to changing requirements and circumstances, the reform goals shift in type and intensity in the course of time. Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures. Agrarian reform can include credit measures, training, extension, land consolidations, etc.
Iraq Table of Contents. Iraq's system of land tenure and inefficient government implementation of land reform contributed to the low productivity of farmers and the slow growth of the agricultural sector. Land rights had evolved over many centuries, incorporating laws . of a period of stagnation in the s As to reform agriculture for years. Under Iraq’s National Development Plan (NDP), growth in the agricultural sector aimed to lift growth. Reform of agrarian structures. The subject of agrarian reform aroused many interested comments by the delegates. There was general agreement that the reform of the agrarian structure was a proper topic for FAO to consider in endeavoring to fulfill the general aims of the organization: To increase agricultural production, and to promote better rural living. agrarian reform, redistribution of the agricultural resources of a country. Traditionally, agrarian, or land, reform is confined to the redistribution of land; in a broader sense it includes related changes in agricultural institutions, including credit, taxation, rents, and cooperatives.